SandWand (2016); Sam Hudson

Settlement Heirachy Used to Classify Our Communities

SettlementCodePopulation Size DescriptionExamples
Rural Area0Not ApplicableRelatively few isolated homes if any and sparsely population (i.e., a population density less than 100 people/km2) Most of the Annapolis Valley, West Paradise
Hamlet 1< 250Small cluster of houses, typically lacks a compact core, few if any businesses (Density typically 100-300 people/km2)Centrelea, Paradise, Granville Ferry, Margaretsville, Round Hill, Tupperville
Village2500-1,500Variable in size, villages may have a discernable but limited business centre/core; typically smaller than towns, less complex economically (often lack bank & have limited business diversity) and offer fewer services.Density typically 300-500 people/km2Lawrencetown, Aylesford, Baddeck, Cambridge, Falmouth, Pugwash, Canning, Port Williams
Town31,500-7,500Larger than villages, usually include a full range of businesses and services in an obvious commercial core; can support many amenities attributed to cities such as museums, universities, multiple financial institutions etc. Density typically 300-500 people/km2Middleton, Wolfville, Windsor, Pictou, Antigonish, Shelburne, Digby, Lunenburg (Chester,Tatamagouche, Weymouth)
Large Town47,500-30,000Full size mall/big box stores, franchises, transit emergent but difficult; Density typically > 500 people/km2Truro/BibleHill, New Glasgow, Glace Bay, Amherst, Yarmouth, Bridgewater, Kentville/New Minas, Kingston/Greenwood
Small City530,000- 100,000Cities are larger than towns and more densely populated. Frequently cities merge with, or incorporate surrounding areas and often the centre of power mainly rests in the cities not towns.Regional airport. Small transit system.Sydney, Charlottetown, Fredericton, Red Deer, Nanimo, Lethbridge, Peterborough, Kamloops, Sault Ste. Marie, Prince George, Bellville, Fort Mac, Grand Prairie, North Bay, Brandon, Cornwall
Medium Size City6100,000-300,000More robust airport, museums, Costco? Symphony; Medical School; Not uncommon to have population density > 800 people/km2Thunder Bay, Moncton, St. John's, Saint John, Saskatoon, Regina, Barrie, Kelowna, Windsor, Guelph, Kingston, Sudbury
Large City7300,000-1,000,000Signficant Airport; Multiple Universities; Cultural center (ballet/opera); Large Business HQ; Attract more multicultural/diversity, Ikea?Edmonton,Winnipeg, Hamilton, Quebec, St. Catharines–Niagara, Victoria, London, Kitchener, Halifax, Oshawa
Metropolis8>1,000,000 Major League Sport Franchises, Large Interanational Airport; LRT/Subway: Typically much Higher density (>1200 people/km2)Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, Calgary, Ottawa

A video on ecological design

  • Wholistic Site Assesments

    Wholistic site assessments are a form of surveying that looks at the physical characteristics of a site through collection of information to determine ecological, social, and economic areas of value. This information my then be used to create value added services and/or products.

  • Environmental Monitoring

    Environmental monitoring is a wide ranging field encompassing the collection of data on features of interest such as air, water, soil, etc. most often this involves collecting samples at regular intervals over a set time period and analyzing these samples.

  • Fish Habitat Restoration

    Fish habitat restoration is the process of maintaining or enhancing aquatic habitats through varied processes that range from connecting blockages between sections of streams to increasing the habitat value of individual stream sections. This often involves both data collect and physical restoration work.

  • Living Shorelines

    Living shorelines are an erosion control technique that uses the strategic placement of organic materials such as dirt, hay, sticks, logs, etc. combined with vegetation planted in these materials to reduce or eliminate erosion. This method of erosion mitigation is most effective against gradual erosion processes.

  • Nutrient Bioextraxtion

    Nutrient bioextraction is the process of using cultivated seaweed and shellfish to convert nutrients from a potently harmful source of algae blooms into a useful and profitable crop. This often takes the form of placing species which take in the excess nutrients in strategic locations to harness this characteristic.

  • Beehives

    Beehives are the homes of bee colonies whether in the form of hollow logs or manufactured hives. These structures provide shelter to bees which are major pollinators that provide a wide range of natural services and products.

  • Perennial Food Systems

    Perennial food systems are a form of edible landscape focusing on the cultivation of a number of plants that bear year after year ranging from vegetables, to fruits, to nuts, to spices. This diverse range of species are often planted in complementary fashions in which each plant benefits the other in some way.

  • Urban Greening

    Urban greenery is any vegetation or “green space” contained within a predominantly urban setting. These pockets of nature have been scientifically proven to provide numerous benefits from positive physiological effects for local residents, to buffering against both extremes of hot and cold, to creating local pockets of wildlife habit.

  • Grey Water

    Greywater is the by-product of household activities such as washing laundry, washing hands, bathing, etc (though not toilet use). Grey water may be used for a number of applications from irrigation to toilet flushing, and can be utilized using a number of designs, some simple some complex.

  • Composting Toilets

    Composing toilets are lavatories constructed to compost the human body’s “waste” products into useable fertilizer using no or minimal water in the process. Varying in complexity and cost these systems may be as simple as a bucket to more complex systems which regulate environmental conditions for optimal composting.

  • Biogas

    Biogas is the methane released from organic material when it breaks down without oxygen. Methane is produced naturally by wetlands, bogs, etc. but this process may also be replicated in a contained system to capture biogas for a host of uses while producing fertilizer from the solid and liquid components of the input material.

  • Passive Buildings

    Passive buildings are buildings that achieve 90% or greater heating and cooling energy savings over “conventional” buildings, through a diverse range of practices. These buildings generally cost about the same as conventional buildings but have a greatly reduced maintenance cost over their lifespan.

Click on the images below to learn more about concepts about ecological design that creates economic opportunities

Click the images below!